London Defender

The Daily Mirror of the Great Britain

Nuclear war threat worse than at height of Cuban Missile Crisis, warns ex-defence minister

John Spellar said the West needed to draw inspiration from the “resolute” approach of former US President John Kennedy in dealing with after a US spy plane obtained photographs of on the Caribbean island on October 14, 1962. The US subsequently imposed a blockade to prevent Soviet Union ships from making deliveries, and disaster was averted a fortnight later, when Mr Kennedy and Nikita Khrushchev, First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, struck a deal whereby the would be removed in exchange for the US secretly withdrawing missiles based at sites in Turkey.

The tense stand-off is generally regarded as the closest the world has come to armageddon – but Mr Spellar, the Labour MP for Warley, suggested the situation might be even more serious now, given Russian President Vladimir Putin’s threats since he ordered his invasion of Ukraine on February 24.

Speaking of the events of 1962, Mr Spellar explained: “There was an awareness of the seriousness of this and also there was more collective control.

“As we saw, it wasn’t long after that Khrushchev actually lost the leadership of the Soviet Union because there was much broader control by the party.”

The Soviet Union was an awful dictatorship, but what we now have individual dictators and so much rests on their mental stability.

“So in some ways, it’s even more worrying than the Cuban Missile Crisis. There’s not even any collective control.”

Given the unpredictability of leaders such as Putin, but also others such as North Korea’s Kim Jong-un, Mr Spellar, who served as both Parliamentary Under-Secretary for Defence and Armed Forces Minister in the Government of Tony Blair, stressed it was crucial for the West to continue to deliver clear, concise messaging.

He explained:” The Major General Secretary Stoltenberg made very clear and this was a message to Russia’s military, that the sheer dominance in conventional forces, particularly in the air of the NATO alliance, means that it would be hugely risky for Russia.

READ MORE: NATO must ditch timid approach and ‘draw line in the sand’

“But in the in the air, the ability of the United States to basically take out the Russian Air Force is very considerable and Putin’s military will know that.”

Asked about the lessons of seven decades ago, Mr Spellar added: “Basically Kennedy show resolve, and I think in the early stages in Ukraine, they didn’t show sufficient results – after Crimea, there wasn’t sufficient result.

“However, the West has responded I think much more strongly than Russia anticipated and I think that resolve is only hardening, more equipment is arriving as we speak.

“What’s needed is cool-headed leadership, toning down on rhetoric but making very clear one’s strength and resolve.“

US President Joe Biden has warned the world faces the biggest risk of nuclear Armageddon since 1962.

NATO is due to hold an annual nuclear preparedness exercise dubbed “Steadfast Noon” next week.

Russia and the United States are by far the biggest nuclear powers, controlling about 90 percent of the world’s nuclear warheads.

Cuban missile crisis timeline:

Monday, October 15: A U-2 reconnaissance aircraft reveals several SS-4 nuclear missiles in Cuba

Tuesday, October 16: President John F Kennedy convenes his Executive Committee to discuss the US’s options

Wednesday, October 17: An SS-5 IRBM site, the first of three to be identified, is detected in Cuba

Thursday, October 18: President Kennedy tells Soviet Foreign Minister Andrie Gromyko the US will not tolerate Soviet missiles in Cuba, with Gromyko denies their presence

Friday, October 19: President Kennedy discusses military options Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara

Sunday, October 21: President Kennedy opts for a naval blockade of Cuba – although officially it is dubbed a “quarantine”

Monday, October 22: US military alert is set at DEFCON 3 and Cuban leader Fidel Castro mobilises all of Cuba’s military forces

Wednesday, October 24: Soviet ships reach the quarantine line, but receive radio orders from Moscow to hold their positions

Thursday, October 25: US Ambassador Adlai Stevenson famously confronts the Soviets at the UN in New York, but they refuse to answer. American military forces are instructed to set DEFCON 2 – the highest ever in US history

Friday, October 26: Nikita Khrushchev writes to Kennedy to say the Soviets would remove their missiles if President Kennedy publicly guarantees not to invade Cuba.

Saturday, October 27: While one U-2 spy plane accidentally flies into Russia, a second is shot down over Cuba. A second letter from Khrushchev said in addition to a public promise not to invade Cuba, the US must remove its missiles from Turkey

Sunday, October 28: The crisis ends as, speaking on Radio Moscow, Khrushchev confirms the dismantling of Soviet missiles in Cuba. He does not publicly insist in the removal of US missiles from Turkey – but Kennedy complies six months later